Civilization has made many African Citizens, from different countries, raise their eyebrows and face their reality about power in Africa. A good number of the presidents in power fiercely want unlimited periods for the seat.
Constitutional and unconstitutional inputs are made in order to have a ‘forever’ head of state, and to the surprise of many people, most of them have managed to remain in power. However, times have changed, and these tendencies are coming with tough repercussions.
A few hours ago, Chad came with shocking news of the death of President Idris Derby, a day after the announcement of his new term in power, based on the provisional election results
“He has just breathed his last defending the sovereign nation on the battlefield.” Said army spokesman General Azem Bermandoa Agouna, in a TV statement, on Tuesday the 20th April 2021.
Among the solders, fighting the rebels, was his son, who is a four star general in the Army. The president joined the troupes to assume command of the military in fighting the rebels, in the Northern Province of Kanem bordering Libya.
The military had already captured more than 150 rebel fighters and killed 300 of them during the fight.
The opposition was raising concern and disputing the direction of self-power transition a week earlier, stating that there was no complete regular process in the process.
“I am sad and angry at the cowardly and criminal behavior of the police on the students of the Ecole de Belle Vue. Dictator Déby is much more interested in retaining power, including by force, rather than ensuring the safety and well-being of Chadians.” Said Saleh Kebzabo
There are worries on the exact cause of death, considering the just concluded election provisional results, and the fact that the opposition leader had shown rebellious acts, including disagreeing with the process and claiming the president’s intent to cling to power.
This has, however, been the trend for most of the opposition leaders in Africa. They are faced with troubles directed by collisions with the particular countries’ military directives.
In Uganda, the president’s son, Muhoozi Kainerugaba heads the military, as the Leutenant general of Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF). He headed the group that has suppressed the opposition leader, Robert Kyagulanyi, into house arrest and fear, during and a few days after the election period.
He has severally expressed the optimal denial of justice in the country, from the president following the inhumane acts from the sitting government.
“We have been denied an opportunity to contribute to our country. We have been excluded as the new generation.” Said Bobi Wine on TV.
Kizza Besige, who was common in the Ugandan political context, as the bold opposition leader who has battled the sitting president Museveni, in vein has been cowed to silence, under circumstances of oppression.
“It’s my humble decision and request that we get someone else to lead plan A and leave plan B for me,” He said, while withdrawing the 2020 election.
There is often a fierce battle for those who are in power to retain the positions, implementing every means to gain support from the military.
Cameroon president Paul Biya, seems to be a darling of the military. He has used the well-equipped army to suppress the voices of his critiques.
Back in the year 2015, the army was accused of brutally killing two women, supposedly a time when the country was heading into the next election. The army had been deployed in the Anglophone minority in the western parts of Cameroon, and implemented stern measures to oppress the citizens, purposely to buy silence.
The Cameroon opposition leader, Maurice Kamto, had set programs for protests against the forceful attainment of power. In response, the prudent Paul Biya deployed the Army to stop the protestors, an incident that led to arrest and never to be seen of 8 motorists who were in the protest.
“At least 12 of their members have been detained since Friday by what appear to be Cameroonian military troops.” Said Christophe Nkemche, a member of the opposition group in Cameroon.
Maurice Kimto has since been vocal on his arguments against the oppression that has been deployed by the president through the well-equipped military
“I am out to fight injustice. I am a son of the country who has decided to fight for and with his people until victory is achieved.” He said
The facts have been openly seen by the international community, however, no particular solution has been provided. Ilaria Allegrozzi, a senior researcher at African rights watch gives the responsibility to other Africans to capacitate the fight against the indecent norm.
“African and regional bodies should call out Cameroon’s government for its repression and rampant abuses,” He said.
From the historical perspective, Africa has been known to be on the lower position in terms of economic development, civilization, and political democracy.
The Former US President Barrack Obama gives insights on how the thirst for power in African is draining the economic power of Africa.
“…when a leader tries to change the rules in the middle of the game just to stay in office it risks instability and strife, as we’ve seen in Burundi and this is often just the first step down a perilous path.” He said.
Here is a list of long serving presidents in Africa;
- Teodoro Obiang Nguema – 41
- Paul Biya – 38
- Denis Sassou – 36
- Yoweri Kaguta Museveni – 34
- Idriss Deby – 30
- Isaias Afwerki – 27